Law of the Sea
LOS Advisory Group provides legal and policy advice, as well as training and capacity-building services, to landlocked countries on law of the sea issues and assists them in particular in taking advantage of the international instruments regulating their right of access to the sea and transit (including the 1965 Convention on Transit Trade of Landlocked States and the 1982 UNCLOS). We advise inter alia on the negotiation, drafting and operation of relevant transit agreements, as well as on rights and obligations of ships under the flag of landlocked States, and on maritime rights of landlocked States with respect to the high seas and the Area. LOS Advisory Group experts are also called on to assist governmental delegations in meetings of States Parties to the UNCLOS and other relevant international fora, including (but not limited to) the International Seabed Authority and regional economic integration organizations (REIOs) to which landlocked States are parties.
Public International Law
In addition to law of the sea matters, the Public International Law Advisory Group assists landlocked countries in coping with all major international legal issues deriving from their geographical situation, and in particular in facing the challenges of implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014-2024 adopted at the second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries (A/RES/69/137) and the Sustainable Development Goals, in a coherent and integrated manner, taking into account their specific needs.
See further the Report of the UN Secretary-General, Implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014-2024 (A/71/313), 8 August 2016.